THE FOUR RULES OF GUN SAFETY
Gun as Loaded -
Every gun has the potential for danger.
Accidents happen because I thought the gun was empty. If you always assume
that a gun is loaded, you avoid accidents.
Never let the muzzle of a
gun point at anything you do not intend to shoot
- If a gun is fired accidentally, the chances
of harm is avoided if it is pointed in a safe direction. Do not let
the muzzle (the hole where the bullet exits) point at people, at surface which
can be penetrated and where there may be people behind.
Keep your firearm finger off
the trigger until you are ready to fire
- A gun will not fire unless the trigger is
deliberately pressed. Do not touch the trigger until you have set your gun
sights on a target and you are ready to shoot.
Be sure your target and what
is around it -
When you have made a decision to shoot, make
sure you know where the bullet will end up. If you miss, the bullet can hit
an innocent bystander or go through a wall and hit someone behind.
Rules of Gun Safety provide an almost fool-proof guide to prevent any accident.
As a gun owner, you must make them second nature to you. Be a responsible and
safe gun owner.
FIRING RANGE SAFETY PROCEDURES
Make sure that your firearm
is unloaded when you enter a firing range. Check for load in a safe area.
Handle your firearm only in
the firing line or safety area with the approval of the range officer. Obey
your range officer.
Load firearm only upon
advice of the range official.
Never hold your firearm if
there are people in front of you or with people downrange.
In a firing line with no
barriers, the person to your right is always given priority unless stated
Always announce that you are
firing before you start shooting to allow other people to prepare for your
Always wear eye and ear
protectors when firing and while inside firing ranges.
Follow the 1800
safety rule. When allowed to handle your firearm, always point the muzzle of
your firearm downrange.
Make sure that no magazine
is inserted inside your pistol and keep your hammer down unless you are
allowed to shoot.
After clearing your firearm
of ammunition, cock the hammer and pull the trigger with the muzzle pointing
downrange to fully ensure that the firearm is cleared of any ammunition.
Holster (if allowed) or bag
firearm if firing. If your are to place the firearm on a table, open the
cylinder of the unloaded revolver or pull back and lock the slide of the
Follow at all times the Four
Rules of Gun Safet.
BASIC SAFETY TIPS WHEN
Always transport your
firearm in a safe unloaded condition.
Never carry any handgun in
your pocket, purse, or waistband. Use a case or proper holster with safety
flap or strap.
Never carry a firearm with a
cartridge in the chamber without the safety lever in the SAFE position.
Always carry your pistol
empty and open while in a club range.
Carry loaded pistols with
the magazine inserted but with an empty chamber.
Carry loaded revolvers with
an empty chamber under the hammer.
BASIC MARKSMANSHIP GUIDES WHEN
is the skillful art of shooting and hitting a target at a given range or known
II. PRINCIPLES OF MARKSMANSHIP
Stance the excellence of the stance is a major factor in
creating conditions for maximum control. Every individual possesses a
combination of individual characteristic that are peculiar to him alone.
Examples of these are height, weight and proportion of body development to
muscle system. Therefore there is no definite all purpose stance which applies
equally to all shooters. The shooter on the basis of his own particular
configuration, must find a stance which provides the greatest degree of
stability for his body.
MAIN REQUIREMENTS OF A STANCE
Equilibrium and Stability
the greatest possible degree of equilibrium and stability in the body-weapon
system occurs when there is the least possible strain on the shooter's
Head Position proper head
position is that position which will allow the most efficient use the
shooter's eyes throughout the sighting and aiming process. The head should
have a natural tilt.
Proper Stance the shooter
should become familiar with assuming the proper stance, and practice getting
the same stance each time.
Position of the Feet about the width of the shoulders with toes
pointed out slightly.
Legs straight but not tense with the knee joint in semi-lock
Hips should be level and in a natural position.
Non-shooting Arm (one-hand shooting only) relaxed and at the
side of the body.
Head and Shoulders level, no bunching or slouching with
unnatural tilt of the head.
Shooting Arm should be extended with wrist and the elbow locked
Body Weight should be on the toes and not on the heel and a
little bit more on the forward.
once the shooter has a comfortable and stable stance, it is necessary to align
himself with his target in order to aim at the target in a natural and
consistent manner. The shooter must position himself so as to naturally point
his weapon at his target. The shooter must maintain a hold which remains in the
desired area without the tendency of his shooting arm drifting away from the
OBTAIN PROPER POSITION APPLY THE FOLLOWING
Face the target at a
forty-five degree angle, assuming the proper stance for one-hand shooting.
The shooter can vary his angle to the target up to 90o if this
allows him for better control.
Face the target squarely for two-handed shooting position.
Face the target squarely for
combat-type position with the left foot stepped forward for a right handed
shooter placing the feet apart for about the width of the shoulder.
Position your head so that you look at the target with your eyes
Raise the shooting arm and align it with the target.
Close your eyes, lower and raise your arm and relax.
Open your eyes and check position, if the sights are aligned with
the target, you have a good position.
If your arms settle to one
side of the target, compensate by moving the feet right or left if necessary.
If your arms settle high or low, compensate by closing or opening the distance
between your feet.
the proper grip is one which provides the shoulder with the maximum control of
the weapon. The most important feature of the grip is uniformity. To maintain a
natural sight alignment, the shooter must hold the weapon firmly. He must be
able to apply positive straight to the rear pressure on the trigger that will
not disturb the sight alignment when the hammer falls.
PROPER GRIPPING METHODS
Pick up the pistol with the
non-shooting arm by the barrel end of the slide and keep the muzzle down
Spread the index finger and
the thumb of the shooting hand apart to form a V with the thumb held
slightly lower than the index finger. Push the web or V of the shooting
hand directly under the tanned of the grip safety. Do not roll them.
Wrap the three lower fingers around the pistol and should exert
equal pressure, straight to the bottom of the V. The heel of the shooting
arm should be well up on the main spring housing.
The thumb should be exerted
very little pressures as tightening of the muscles controlling the thumb
will cause some tightening of the muscles controlling the trigger finger.
Placement of the trigger
finger should be where it falls naturally on the trigger. This is usually
between the tip and the first joint. Regardless of hand size and finger
length, the shooter should always apply pressure straight to the rear.
The correct pressure on the
grip is when the shooter can hold without a tremble or free action on
the trigger. A good method for obtaining pressure is to squeeze with the
entire hand until pistol and hand starts to tremble, then gradually relax the
grip until trembling ceases.
breathing while shooting is essential to proper body functions. A complete
respiratory cycle last for 4-5 seconds (inhaling and exhaling) and between each
cycle, there is a pause of 2-3 seconds. This pause can be extended up to 10
seconds without any special labor or unpleasant sensations. It is during this
pause between breaths that the shooter should fire the shot. The reason is that
during the respiratory pause, the breathing muscles are relaxed thus the shooter
avoids strain from the diaphragm. Also, his concentration is into broken by
thinking of the need to breath. If the holding of the breath is not sufficient
to allow the shot to be fired within the required time, hold fire, release the
trigger, resumes normal breathing and repeat the process.
is the relationship between the rear sight
and front sight with respect to the eye. The front sight is centered in the
rear sight notch and the top of the blade is even with the top of the rear
the relationship between the rear sight and the front sight to the target with
the respect to the eye. This differs from sight alignment only by adding the
bullseye or aiming points to the front slight blade.
AIMING POINTS COMMONLY USED:
Six O-clock Hold
is the method used to apply pressure on the
trigger so that the shot can be fired with the least amount of disturbance to
sight alignment. It is the independent action of the trigger with
uniform increasing straight to the rear after the slack has been taken.
GUIDELINES FOR PROPER TRIGGER CONTROL
The trigger finger is placed
where it falls naturally on the trigger. This varies from every person. The
shooter will have to find the spot of his finger which suits him best. What
is important is the uniformity of this placement and the ability to apply
pressure straight to the rear.
The slack or free play in the trigger is taken up first.
Apply pressure with the trigger finger only.
Trigger finger must be in an arched position to avoid contact with
the side of the pistol.
IN TRIGGER CONTROL
muscular tension or reaction in anticipation of the recoil. It is indicated
by moving the head, closing the eyes, moving the shoulder to the rear or
Jerking an attempt to make pistol fire at a certain instant by rapidly
applying pressure on the trigger.
is the continued and physical application of the
fundamentals after each round has been fired. The shooter must not shift
his position, move his head or bring down the pistol for a few seconds.
Calling the Shots
the prediction of the shots on where the hits are on the target.